Silicone is present in many cosmetic products from skincare to make up. It is an ingredient that has always been controversial because it has both advantages and disadvantages to the skin.
Silicone is the common name for a group of substances, familiar materials used in cosmetic preparation. Most beauty care products we use every day contain silicone with many different names.
Many people use cosmetics containing this ingredient that clog pores, acne or think that silicone when penetrating the body will cause cancer. Since then, the silicone in skincare has a bad reputation.
|Silicone is commonly used in many types of cream cosmetics such as foundation, BB cream, moisturizer, sunscreen … Photo: @tatcha|
The scientific definition of silicone
Silicone is the name of artificial synthetic polymers (polymers), composed mainly of silicon (the chemical element without the “e” at the end), oxygen, carbon and ethyl, methyl and organic radicals. phenyl. Depending on the chemical bonds between these elements, silicone has different forms such as solid, liquid or flexible.
Silicone is identified in the list of ingredients of beauty products as substances ending with -cone, -conol and -siloxane, such as dimethicone, dimethiconol, cyclopentasiloxane …
In cosmetics, silicone usually comes in two forms: volatile form and hard volatile form.
The volatile form includes Cyclomethicone, Cyclopentasiloxane, … The volatile form includes Dimethicone, styrene/acrylic copolymer, vinyl dimethicone crosspolymer …
|Dimethicone is a very common silicone found in topical moisturizers. Photo: glyco.|
The role of silicone in beauty cosmetics
For make-up cosmetics such as foundation, BB cream, CC cream, silicone is added to create a smooth, shiny, support oil-alkali, waterproof (waterproof) and keep the product last longer on. skin.
The skin surface is not as smooth as we think, on the contrary, it is quite rugged, even rough if you do not regularly exfoliate. On the other hand, when the skin enters the aging stage, wrinkles, fine lines will appear at the corner of the mouth, the corners of the eyes or forehead.
Silicone can fill or hide rough areas and wrinkles on the skin without being seeped down because of their huge molecular structure. Thereby helping the skin surface become smoother and reflect light more synchronously, creating a smooth skin effect, spotless glowy.
|Silicone in foundation, concealer cream … helps to fill wrinkles, fine lines on the face to create a smooth appearance. Photo: huffpost.|
For skincare products, such as moisturizers, silicone with a silky smooth texture that makes the cream easier to disperse. In addition, they will remain on the surface of the skin and form a film to keep the steam from escaping.
In sunscreens, silicone plays an important role. Thanks to its large size and space in its molecular structure, silicone cannot penetrate into the skin epidermis and is porous.
The porosity of silicone has the ability to keep chemical sunscreen molecules inside the structure, preventing them from penetrating too deeply into the skin, such as oxybenzone, octinoxate … to avoid irritation. , affects hormones, and promote the absorption of UV rays.
Silicone envelops the physical sunblock molecules’ zinc oxide and titanium dioxide to be more stable in the sun, reducing photocatalysis that can produce free radicals that damage the skin.
|Silicone is added to sunscreens to help sunscreen ingredients work more effectively. Photo: health.harvard.edu.|
Is silicone really safe?
The type of carcinogenic silicone is usually industrial, unprocessed and must be absorbed in very large quantities.
Meanwhile, the silicone used in cosmetics has been thoroughly prepared and clean. This type of silicone is allowed by FDA, WHO to be present in cosmetics inappropriate dosage.
A 2014 report by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review said that 62 common dimethicone crosspolymer in cosmetics act as absorbers, film builders, hair conditioners, and make-up agents. Soft leather … is concluded to be safe to use.
|Silicone in cosmetics must undergo a thorough preparation process to ensure safety for the health of users. Photo: Pinterest.|
Does silicone clog pores and cause acne?
When applying skincare products containing volatile silicone to the skin, they help the nutrients to penetrate deeper and then evaporate away. Therefore, this silicone ingredient is unlikely to cause zits or breakouts.
While silicone, which is difficult to evaporate, stays on the surface of the skin, but because of its large size, they cannot get into pores and cause congestion.
Silicone is covered so they can trap dirt, dead skin chips, excess oil … on the skin, thereby increasing the ability to clog pores and facilitate acne. Therefore, if you use makeup or sunscreen containing silicone, you need to remove makeup and clean thoroughly.
|If you use silicone-based cosmetics, carefully clean your skin so that pores don’t clog and cause acne. Photo: beautyexpert.|
On the other hand, some components, no matter how good, may not be suitable for some people. When you are allergic to silicone, you must avoid beauty products that contain this ingredient.